Skin cancer is one of the most common types of cancers known (According to WHO, 2-3 million cases of non-melanoma cancer and 130,000 cases of Melanoma cancers are recorded). It is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the skin.
Skin Cancer is a cancer that forms in the tissues of the skin. It grows uncontrollably and affects the normal function of the skin. If left unchecked it can spread to other parts of the body. Most skin cancers form in older people on parts of the body exposed to the sun or in people who have weakened immune systems. Skin cancer can occur anywhere on the body, but it is most common when the skin is often exposed to sunlight, such as the face, neck, hands, and arms.The skin is the body’s largest organ. It protects against heat, sunlight, injury, and infection. Skin also helps control body temperature and stores water, fat, and vitamin D. The skin has several layers, but the two main layers are the epidermis (upper or outer layer) and the dermis (lower or inner layer). Skin cancer begins in the epidermis, which is made up of three kinds of cells.
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer, probably making up more than half of all diagnosed cases of cancer. There are primarily 3 kinds of skin cancer.Squamous Cell Carcinoma: It is 1 of the 3 skin cancer forms that may be observed within locations on the body which are subjected to sunlight. This may include the ears, face as well as oral cavity. One indicator associated with this kind of skin cancer is a lump which tends to change into an open wound. This open sore is actually a kind of ulceration which is red with a flat spot which is occasionally crusty and grows larger without healing. If this is left unattended, that bump/sore could spread quickly to various other areas of the body such as nerve paths, blood-stream and lymphatic systems.Basal Cell Skin Cancer: It is the 2nd type of skin cancer and accounts for 75% of all skin cancer cases each year and is the most prevalent kind of skin cancer.
What Is Skin Cancer
Skin cancer refers to the abnormality in the skin cells, that results in the uncontrolled growth of the cells. The reason for skin cancer is the UV radiations from the sun or from any other source. The skin cells, as a result of mutation induced by DNA damage, divide rapidly and uncontrollably causing formation of facial tumors or masses or neoplasms. In the skin, cancer can occur in three kinds of cells squamous cells (found in skin inner lining below the outer covering), basal cells (beneath the squamous cells) and melanocytes (in the lower part of the epidermis).
Types of Skin Cancer
Like all body tissues the skin is made up of cells basal cells, squamous cells and melanocytes. Skin cancer types are named after the skin cell in which the cancer develops basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma.
- Melanoma: Skin cancer that forms in melanocytes (skin cells that make pigment) is called melanoma. Melanoma is the deadliest type of skin cancer.
- Basal Cell Carcinoma: Skin cancer that forms in the lower part of the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin) is called basal cell carcinoma.
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Skin cancer that forms in squamous cells (flat cells that form the surface of the skin) is called squamous cell carcinoma
Causes of Skin Cancer
- Over-exposure to ultraviolet light, from sunlight or sun beds, is the main risk.
- Having very fair skin that burns easily.
- Having lots of moles (over 50) on your body.
- Having had skin cancer before.
- Close relatives having skin cancer and being treated with anti-rejection drugs (ie after an organ transplant).
Treatment and options
Squamous cell carcinomas detected at an early stage and removed promptly are almost always curable and cause minimal damage. However, left untreated, they eventually penetrate the underlying tissues and can become disfiguring. The choice of treatment is based on the type, size, location, and depth of penetration of the tumor, as well as the patient’s age and general health. Different treatment options.
- Micrographic Surgery
- Excisional Surgery
- Curettage and Electrodesiccation (Electrosurgery)
- Photodynamic Therapy (PDT)
- Laser Surgery
- Topical Medications
Skin cancer hospital in india
- Nova Specialty Hospital Koramangala
- Apollo Hospital Chennai
- Sevenhills Hospital Mumbai, India
- Fortis Hospital Noida
- Columbia Asia Hospitals
Cost of Skin Cancer Treatment
India is a powerhouse in medicine; the center of development and practice of many of the world’s most advanced and effective medical technologies. The medical tourism industry in India is flourishing, offering high standards of care, an international reputation of excellence, and attractive costs approximately 65% below those of the United States and UK. With dozens of quality hospitals, clinics and research institutes around the country, India is renowned as the leader in medicine in the world with particular expertise and success in oncology.