Brain Cancer is the leading cause of the total burden of disease and injury in Australia. But australian medical industry has lots of best options of treatment and diagnosis the brain cancer. Tumors that start in the brain are called primary brain cancer tumors. Primary brain tumors may spread to other parts of the brain or to the spine. They rarely spread to other parts of the body. Often, tumors found in the brain have started somewhere else in the body and spread to one or more parts of the brain. These are called metastatic brain tumors (or brain metastases). Metastatic brain tumors are more common than primary brain tumors.
There are many types of brain cancer and spinal cord tumors. The tumors are formed by the abnormal growth of cells and may begin in different parts of the brain or spinal cord. Together, the brain and spinal cord make up the central nervous system. A benign tumour is made up of slow-growing cells and is unlikely to spread, however, it may cause problems because it takes up space inside the skull. Tumours can press on your brain, or important nerves that come out of your brain (called cranial nerves). This pressure can affect the normal function of these structures and may raise the pressure in your skull and cause headaches and/or nausea. Benign brain tumours can usually be treated successfully. They are named after the type of cell from which they grow.
Common Symptoms of Brain Cancer
Brain cancer is a term used to describe any abnormal malignant growth of cells within the brain tissue. The size and location of the cancer, the stage of the cancer detected, and how promptly treatment is begun all determine whether the growth can be successfully treated or will ultimately become terminal. Brain cancer that has progressed into the terminal phase results in a number of symptoms in the afflicted individual. In adults, the presence of a brain tumor can result in a wide variety of symptoms; these symptoms are based on whether the growing cells are cancerous or non-cancerous, in what part of the brain the tumor is located and the size of the growth. Diagnosis is partly based on the occurrence of certain symptoms, and treatments for different types of brain tumors depends on many factors.
Brain Cancer Statistics in Australia
Every year about 1400 malignant brain tumours are diagnosed in Australia.
The most common type of tumour is glioblastoma multiforme or GBM.
About 80 people are diagnosed with other malignant central nervous system (CNS) tumours, including malignant spinal tumours.
An estimated 2000 people – including children – are diagnosed with a benign tumour each year.
About 100 children are diagnosed with malignant brain tumours each year – this is the second most common cancer in children.
About 20 children are diagnosed with a spinal cord tumour.
The aim of this information is to help you understand about brain cancer. We cannot advise you about the best treatment for you. You need to discuss this with your doctors. However, we hope this information will answer some of your questions and help you think about the questions you would like to ask your doctors or other health carers.
Brain Cancer Treatments or Diagnosis in Australia
What tests are used to find and diagnose adult brain Tumours? Tests that examine the brain and spinal cord are used to detect (find) adult brain tumour. The following tests and procedures may be used:
A procedure that makes a series of detailed pictures of areas inside the body, taken from different angles. The pictures are made by a computer linked to an x-ray machine. A dye may be injected into a vein or swallowed to help the organs or tissues show up more clearly. This procedure is also called computed tomography, computerized tomography, or computerized axial tomography.
A procedure that uses a magnet, radio waves, and a computer to make a series of detailed pictures of the brain and spinal cord. A substance called gadolinium is injected into the patient through a vein. The gadolinium collects around the cancer cells so they show up brighter in the picture. This procedure is also called nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI).
Gene Therapy and Chemotherapy for the Treatment of Childhood Brain Tumours in Australia
This trial aims to assess the safety and effectiveness of using blood stem cells that have been genetically modified to treat children with brain tumours. The clinical trial is being conducted by the Kids Cancer Project in Alexandria New South Wales in conjunction with the Australian Department of Innovation, Industry Science and Research. The trial hopes to recruit 15 children with either high grade primary Glioma or lower grade recurrent brain tumours such as Glioma, Ependymoma, Medulloblastoma or teratogenic tumours among others. Stem cells will be harvested from the participant’s blood after they have received an injection of granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) to release the stem cells from their bone marrow. The stem cells will be genetically modified in the laboratory to make them more resistant to chemotherapy drugs. The trial participants will receive an intravenous (IV) infusion of these expanded, modified stem cells, and then 21 days later be treated with standard chemotherapy for such tumours. Participants will be monitored for complications and the effectiveness will be assessed by conducting MRI scans of the brain.
A new, Protein-based Treatment
A new, protein-based treatment from the University of NSW breaks down cancers by destroying their internal protein structures. The approach has been tried before but always resulted in too much damage to muscles and the heart. The new approach allows the new class of drug to attack tumors without damaging normal cells. Professor Peter Gunning said, ‘Our drug causes the structure of the cancer cell to collapse — and it happens relatively quickly.’
Popular Brain Cancer Treatment Centers
Children’s Cancer Institute Australia
Children’s Cancer Institute Australia for Medical Research (CCIA) is the only independent medical research institute in Australia devoted to research into the causes, better treatments, prevention and cure of childhood cancer. Our vision is to save the lives of all children with cancer and eliminate their suffering. Founded in 1976 by a dedicated group of parents and doctors who wanted to do something more in the fight against children’s cancer, CCIA opened its first laboratory in 1984.
Cure Brain Cancer Foundation
The Cure Brain Cancer Foundation (formerly the Cure For Life Foundation) is the largest fundraiser for brain tumour research and awareness in Australia. Established in 2001 by world-renowned neurosurgeon Dr Charlie Teo, the Cure Brain Cancer Foundation is making a major contribution to research of brain cancer.
Hunter Brain Tumour Network
Hunter Brain Tumour Network: Meet first Wednesday of each month at 11am. Location is South Leagues Club, Llewellyn Street, Merewether; there is ample car parking, and ramps for disabled access. Meetings are informal and patients, family members, carers and those whose lives have been impacted by a brain tumour are welcome. After our informal meeting, there is the opportunity for participants to stay on and socialise over a coffee or lunch.The interest of health professionals is appreciated in referring people.
This Brain Tumour Australia Information website (btai.com.au) was compiled to meet what its authors saw as an unmet need. During the past 14 years it has been our pleasure to meet either directly or indirectly so many wonderful people all involved in the terrifying and confronting world of brain tumours.
Those diagnosed with both benign and malignant tumours; their families and care givers, their friends and colleagues; and the various health professionals including, neuro surgeons, radiation and medical oncologists, pathologists, researchers, nurses, allied health and service providers who are devoting their energies to treating the disease, caring for the patient and family and looking for answers.
The Brain Tumour Australia Information provided on this website will not, of course, answer all of your questions, nor is it intended as a substitute for information obtained directly from doctors, nurses, or allied health professionals.